[CG] MUST - Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool


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‘MUST’ is a five-step screening tool to identify adults, who are malnourished, at risk of malnutrition (undernutrition), or obese. It also includes management guidelines which can be used to develop a care plan.

It is for use in hospitals, community and other care settings and can be used by all care workers.

© BAPEN. First published 2003 by MAG the Malnutrition Advisory Group, a Standing Committee of BAPEN. Reviewed and reprinted with minor changes March 2008, September 2010 and August 2011.

‘MUST’ is supported by the British Dietetic Association, the Royal College of Nursing and the Registered Nursing Home Association.

Further details on taking alternative measurements, special circumstances and subjective criteria can be found in The ‘MUST’ Explanatory Booklet.

The full evidence-base for ‘MUST’ is contained in The ‘MUST’ Report.


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Last reviewed: 06 January 2022

Next review: 06 January 2027

Author(s): MAG the Malnutrition Advisory Group, a Standing Committee of BAPEN

Version: 2

Document Id: 470